Root Cause Analysis Essay

Root Cause Analysis Essay

The RCA team at Downtown Medical consists of three key members: the Female Speaker, the Risk Manager; Pamela Brown, a Staff Nurse; and Matthew White, a Pharmacy Technician. Each member brings unique expertise to the table, making their collaboration essential in the root cause analysis process. The Female Speaker, as the Risk Manager, possesses a deep understanding of healthcare quality and safety protocols. Her role involves identifying potential risks and implementing strategies to mitigate them. She can contribute her knowledge of risk assessment, healthcare regulations, and patient safety best practices to the team’s efforts. Pamela Brown, the Staff Nurse, is on the frontline of patient care and medication administration. With her experience dealing directly with patients and medications, she can provide valuable insights into the challenges faced by nurses during the medication process. Her perspective is crucial in identifying possible human factors contributing to errors (Detzner & Eigner, 2021). Matthew White, the Pharmacy Technician, plays a vital role in medication dispensing and administration processes. His expertise in the pharmacy’s operations, potential system errors, and workflow issues can help the team pinpoint areas of concern related to medication errors.

In the case study, the RCA team members demonstrate effective collaboration and avoid blaming one another or their departments for medication errors. When the Female Speaker initially points out pharmacy as a potential problem, Matthew diplomatically redirects the focus to analyzing the overall process. This approach encourages a respectful and open atmosphere where each team member feels valued and heard (Ma et al., 2021). Additionally, when Pamela expresses concerns about nurse stress and workload, Matthew acknowledges the pharmacy’s challenges in staffing, showing empathy and understanding. This mutual respect and willingness to listen to each other’s perspectives foster a collaborative spirit throughout the RCA process (Ma et al., 2021).

While the case study does not explicitly detail the team’s process in testing and eliminating root causes that were not contributing, it is reasonable to assume they followed a systematic approach typical in root cause analysis. They likely identified multiple potential root causes during the cause-and-effect diagram and analysis phase. Through further investigations and interviews with staff involved in the medication error incidents, they would have narrowed down the true contributing factors. This approach allowed them to prioritize efforts in preventing specific factors, leading to effective problem-solving.

The RCA team utilizes a Pareto chart, a performance improvement chart, to identify the most significant factors contributing to medication errors. By visually representing the types and frequencies of errors, the Pareto chart helps the team prioritize their efforts and focus on the most common and critical errors first. Addressing these top causes can lead to meaningful improvements and prevent repeat occurrences of medication errors at Downtown Medical. Contributing factors to the medication errors in the case study may include inadequate staffing levels, lack of communication and collaboration between departments, and potential issues related to the implementation of technology, such as computerized physician order entry (CPOE) and barcoded medication administration.

To prevent such errors in the future, the RCA team should implement strategies like ensuring appropriate staffing levels and workload management to reduce stress and potential oversights. Improving communication and collaboration between pharmacy and nursing staff can help clarify medication orders and prevent misunderstandings (Detzner & Eigner, 2021). Regular training and education on medication administration procedures and safety protocols can enhance staff competency and confidence. Additionally, fostering a learning culture and implementing a non-punitive error reporting system will encourage staff to share lessons from errors.

Struggling to meet your deadline ?

Get assistance on

Root Cause Analysis Essay

done on time by medical experts. Don’t wait – ORDER NOW!



Detzner, A., & Eigner, M. (2021). Feature selection methods for root‐cause analysis among top‐level product attributes. Quality and Reliability Engineering International37(1), 335-351.

Ma, Q., Li, H., & Thorstenson, A. (2021). A big data-driven root cause analysis system: Application of machine learning in quality problem solving. Computers & Industrial Engineering160(3), 107580.


Review the case scenario included in this week’s media resources, and examine the process flow chart, cause/effect diagram, and Pareto chart related to the case scenario.

In the scenario, the nurse manager and the director of pharmacy blame each other for the error. The facilitator (quality assurance person) asks everyone to avoid blaming and focus on applying the tools to analyze the data and get to the root cause of the error. While all of these tools contribute, for this Discussion, select one tool to analyze.

Post each of the following:

Analyze the composition of the RCA team. Explain what knowledge they can contribute to the RCA.

Describe the collaboration in the case study that led to effective problem-solving. Identify the evidence you observe in the scenario that demonstrates effective collaboration and the avoidance of blaming.

Explain the team’s process in testing for and eliminating root causes that were not contributing.

Select one of the performance improvement charts presented in the scenario and critique its effectiveness by explaining how it contributes to identifying the root cause and determining a solution to prevent repeat medication errors.

Identify the contributing factors and discuss how to prevent this kind of error from occurring in the future.

Support your response with references from the professional nursing literature. Your posts need to be written at the capstone level.

Notes Initial Post: This should be a 3-paragraph (at least 350 words) response. Be sure to use evidence from the readings and include in-text citations to an external site. Utilize essay-level writing practice and skills, including the use of transitional material and organizational frames. Avoid quotes; paraphrase to incorporate evidence into your own writing. A reference list is required. Use the most current evidence (usually ≤ 5 years old).

Required Readings:

Spath, P. (2018). Introduction to healthcare quality management (3rd ed.). Health Administration Press.

Chapter 4, “Evaluating Performance” (pp. 79-118)

Chapter 5, “Continuous Improvement” (pp. 119-142)

Chapter 6, “Performance Improvement Tools” (pp. 143-174)

Note: Although these chapters are previously assigned readings, please review them in preparation for this week’s material.

Struggling to meet your deadline ?

Get assistance on

Root Cause Analysis Essay

done on time by medical experts. Don’t wait – ORDER NOW!

Open chat
WhatsApp chat +1 908-954-5454
We are online
Our papers are plagiarism-free, and our service is private and confidential. Do you need any writing help?